Cognitive disorders: diagnosis and treatment
During the last half century, medical developments have expedited an increase of expectation of life, all over the world.
This extension of life has made that some pathologies that in former years were considered of low prevalence, nowadays they have become top priority for public health.
Among these pathologies, cognitive diseases are the most outstanding, being two of them the most frequent, Alzheimer«s Disease and cognitive disorders of vascular etiology which have an increase of risk in line with age, as from 65 years.
120 adults with cognitive disorders of a variety of etiologies were under study. A comparative statistical study is performed between this group of patients and a general group, by means of different neurophysiological exams: Acustically Evoked Potentials
The comparative study between both populations denotes significant differences in the various studies.
Neurotransmitter equilibrium (dopamine, acetylcholine, Gaba, etc.) in the areas of the cerebral cortex related to cognitive disorders is essential in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.